Thoné is a multidimensional pigeon player. He plays within the most different
categories, with males and females, from 100 until 1000 km. You have to consider
that different types of pigeons are needed for the different categories, for
short, medium, long distances as well as for the extreme long distance.
you won’t find a pigeon who flies the 100 as well as the 1000 km.
pigeons can be classified into two main lineages.
the one hand you find the short and medium distance pigeons who – it’s a
proved fact - can adapt quite well to the German programme and on the other hand
there are the pigeons for the long and the extreme long distance. It has to be
mentioned that long distance pigeons definitely represent a minority in Jos’
lofts, concerning breeding as well as racing. Otherwise, Jos wouldn’t be able
to cover the whole, broad racing range of 100 to 1000 km with his team.
his masterpiece "Großmeister enthüllen", Victor Vansalen described
Jos Thoné’s lineages in detail. That's why I'd like to quote him now:
"Jos knocked at Leo Geris' door because of pigeons for the medium distance.
he got twow sisters of his popular "Zwarte". Twice, this bird has been
national Ace Pigeon for the medium distance as well as Olympia Pigeon.
lineage traces back to the Frans Stoces' kind from Winterslag. Jos paired two
sisters of the "Zwarte" with the "Superman", a pure bred
Janssen of De Baaker. It's quite a lot what Jos owes to his
"Superman". He became the basic pigeon for medium distances.
other important pigeons came from Pierke Dreesen from Houthalen, from Pros
Roosen and Ris Ceusters.
last mentioned brought the Grondelaers' blood into Jos Thoné's lineage."
From all these pigeons, Jos formed his lineage for medium distances. It doesn't
have to be mentioned that there have been other pigeons who were added over the
years: Jos is always in search of reinforcements, or rather of improvements.
can take the details from the various pedigrees shown in this book later.
pedigrees: As a pigeon breeder it is your special task to deal intensely with
the lineages of famous breeding aces, of national winners and Ace Pigeons.
it becomes clearly apparent from which lineages the really successful pigeons
derive and what outstanding descendants have been bred in their collateral
really have to analyse such a pedigree. Then you'll make out certain breeding
lines and come to conclusions for your own breeding. Just think about how many
intensely praised pigeon breeders disappeared from the scene very quickly. To
gain a national victory or to set an Ace Pigeon once that doesn't always mean
that the successful pigeon fancier really has got the ability to breed.
Therefore, you have to look upon the so called nine days' wonders with the
every new star on the pigeon sky keeps what a lot of sports fans do expect of
him in heir euphoria.
Jos Thoné's, everything is different. He became a loft manager at the lofts of
his father-in-law. There he has been quite successful, he knew all the pigeons
and, of course, their breeding potential as well. The analyses turned out to be
quite easy for him. Jos knew
what pigeons, or rather what lineages he had to take from his father-in-law into
his new lofts in the Kruisstraat. Concerning his base for long distance pigeons,
he gave his opinion once: "For the long distance, I tapped completely
different sources. The "Diego Armando Barcelona" (B 83-5060602) was my
favourite pigeon at Peeters'. Between 1985 and 1988, he was maybe the best
Barcelona-racer. From Peeters, I bought "Diego rmando's" brother, and
I also seized his parents and placed them into my breeding base.
became bull's-eyes." "Diego Armando's" father wears the ring with
the number B 82-5248481. Up to 75%, he derives from pigeons of the brothers
Kuypers, from Neer in the Netherlands. Within his lineage, you'll find the best
pigeons the brothers Kuypers ever had. "Diego Armando's" mother, the B
82- 5248386, derives from the Dutch long distance nobility as well. Within her
lineage, you'll find pigeons from Van-der-Wegen, of melidious names like
"Oud Doffertje", "Lamme" and "De Barcelona".
was it that Jos told us nicely: "They became bull's eyes". Within the
pedigrees of the ong distanceaces Jos' opinion can be recognised as confirmed.
winners, the good family, ahead-racers, Ace Pigeons as well as pigeons who
achieved something outstanding for the breeding and can be counted to the
total aces because of their successful descendants:
where you have to breed from and form a lineage of by yourself. But, stop, in
reality, it isn't that easy. It's too bad. Especially the pigeons mentioned
above are as rare as white ravens. Quite often, it's an overdominant bequeather
who sets, or rather set the foundation for a whole lineage.
there's still one fact we mustn't forget: It's not only the males who play an
important role within bequeathing. In reality, most of the pigeon breeders set
greater store by their males, especially when they play the system of
widowership. It's the hens for whom they don't care too much within their
they mainly serve as a reception committee for the widowers. Their breeding
value isn't thought about. Moreover, many juvenile pigeons aren't raised within
their widower family. That's why only little information exists about their true
value, or rather their breeding value.A totally different scene is shown in the
lofts of breeders who play the system of total widowership.
the hens play a completely different role here. Much more attention is dedicated
in this case quite often it happens that the females show the outstanding
erformances normally only expected from the males. Suddenly, the breeder
recognises the true value of his females. Now, they are paired in a completely
different way. After some successful years of racing, they quickly get a seat in
the breeding base. Normally, at that time, the problematical question of
fertility is already current: A female is able to breed for how long? A female
can lay eggs for how long? Here, we meet several limits set by our nature. The
males are more suited for a long-lived breeding, that's for sure. And that's why
they naturally form the majority within the overdominant bequeathers.
it's time now to mention some names of the past. For example, I think of the old
"Klaren" of Desmet-Matthijs, of the "Schilderij" of Gommaire
Verbruggen, of the "Kleinen" and the "Wittenbuik" of Gaby
Vandenabeele and as well of the "231" of Engels &
Sons. Surely, there's still a series of other pigeons worth to be classified
into this category. Maybe, they didn't became as popular because,
understandably, it takes years for a breeding ace to be recognised as an
pigeons and their special qualities can be recognised much earlier. But to make
out breeding aces, overdominant bequeathers, takes much more time. What you need
to have therefore is only one thing: Patience, sometimes a lot of patience. Only
the one who is patient, who can breed, will be successful in the long run. It's
the overdominant bequeather, the real breeding pigeon, who helps us shortening
this period of time.
the dreams of every pigeon breeder, the leading role is played by the
overdominant bequeather. It has been a pigeon like the "Kleine Dirk"
of Gerard Koopman, the already mentioned "Wittenbuik" of Gaby
Vandenabeele or the "231" of Engels & Sons - just to mention some
of them - who made their breeders famous all over the world. They formatively
influenced the whole descendants. Many breeders became successful because of the
descendants of those pigeons. Such pigeons' quality has to be kept and
strengthened, that means it has to be anchored within one's own lineage.
can only be managed by a calculated lineage breeding. For Jos Thoné it's a
matter of course to strengthen valuable genetic material. With a lot of
expertise, he interweaved his very best breeding pigeons like the
"Superman"- he was 1st Ace Pigeon for the medium distance in 1986- for
the medium distance and "Diego Armando Barcelona" and "Poco"
for the long distance into his lineage. His racing success still confirms in a
very impressive way that he chose the right way. In a restful moment, have a
look at the pedigrees of Jos Thoné's very best pigeons and follow his breeding
ideas. Excuse me, what's the title of that book? Right: "The idea of Jos
Thoné". After reading the following chapter think as well about the
possibilities of artificial insemination. However, therefore you need
outstanding pigeons as a foundation. Like in the loftsof Jos Thoné.
insemination for pigeons represents a subject which mostly couldn't be
understood within the world of the sport of pigeon racing so far. Within the
stockbreeding, for bigger animals like pigs, for horses as well as for cows,
artificial insemination is an accepted instrument to get a reasonable number of
descendants from outstanding bequeathers for a long time. Tell me a pigeon
breeder who didn't hear something about inseminating technicians, at least once.
In the vernacular, they are called "backpack-bulls" as well. It's
their task to inseminate pigs, cows or horses artificially. Like this, time and
expensive trips with the animals are saved for the farmers, or generally
expressed, the breeders.
insemination, what kind of sense does it make for the sport of pigeon racing
then? The calculation is quite easy: We just have to think a little bit about
the regular breeding process. We don't want to mention the so called stud
breeding which sometimes produces big problems because not everymale is suited
therefore. I know excellently bequeathing males who can only be paired with one,
at most two females within one breeding period. How many children can I get from
this bird now? We assume the regular breeding succession. How many juvenile
pigeons does the top level bequeather supply us? Let us be honest:
eight to ten. Surely not more. Within a period of four or five years, you'll get
at most 40 to 50 youngsters, spread over quite a long period. What kind of
possibilities do remain for the breeder? Concerning the total number of bred
pigeons there are - in plain language - comparatively few pigeons who can be
the fact is that comparatively few outstanding pigeons are left, also from an
outstanding bequeather. As a consequence, you have to wait several years until
another excellent pigeon raises again. With the help of artificial insemination,
this period can be shortened quite well so that, maybe every year, one crack is
Thoné quite famous for his open-mindedness towards news made up the
possibilities offered by artificial insemination from the beginning and he took
the risk with his "Sars". With a look at the greatness of this bird,
he'll maybe raise quite a few cracks more. Of course, I don't want to fix an
exact number. In several years, when the descendants of the "Sars" are
grown up, we'll know if Jos' hopes have been fulfilled.
the following question hasn't been answered yet: How do I have to operate in the
case of artificial insemination? Obviously, sperm is taken from the male, in
this special case the "Sars" and, afterwards, several females are
inseminated. First of all, it's a question of organisation. You have to dispose
of a suited number of couples, the males of whom have to be sterilized. Of
course, these males' mates have to represent excellent females. The concerning
couples are paired and some time around the sixth, or rather eighth day after
pairing you'll have to visit a veterinarian so that he performs the artificial
insemination with the top level bird's sperm. It's quite a simple system if you
have enough space and couples of nurses.
one point deserves special importance: The male whose sperm is taken has to be
of extraordinary quality. Otherwise, you'll breed a sort full of inferior
pigeons and you'll obtain the opposite of the originally wanted. On the other
hand: If you really have a crack, like Jos Thoné's "Sars", that's
really a fantastic solution. Besides, it's of course very important to have a
veterinarian nearby who knows this business. And that's what I have to admit:
There are still very few authorities on this field.
still one point left to be recognised within this business: The following
breeding line. By using an outstanding male as sperm donor for the artificial
inseminations you'll get a lot of half-siblings with whom the breeding has to be
carried on at any time.
we after all confronted with one-sidedness from artificial insemination? Do we
have to do without the possibility of breeding in different versions? I just
want to tell you that, concerning the breeding, you're always in danger to face
death, more or less. In several years, we'll get to know the experiences of Jos
Thoné within this field. I'm sure he'll quickly have theright solution, also
for that kind of problem. Jos is always some steps ahead of many breeders,
concerning the thinking and especially the acting.
by artificial insemination still raises a lot of questions. Certainty can
succeed not until the artificial bred pigeons stand the racing test.
you should also think about the time when there's no sperm left from the
breeding crack. Then you'll have to be in search of a breeding male of a class
of its own again.
the way, the sperm produced by the breeding ace can be frozen, too. That’s how
a sperm bank is generated.
this method, the sperm's quality, quantity and viability is inspected at first.
At a temperature of -196°Celsius, the sperm - only if it is suitable - is
frozen in fluid nitrogen then. In this way, the sperm
of top level bequeathers can be preserved for years.